Butter is the main ingredient if you are a lover of baking so finding information where to buy organic artisan butter Jakarta is important. One of the places to buy it is De Grunteman from Jakarta. In March 2014, an article appeared in the Annals of Internal Medicine that made the food-obsessed public become fascinated with gastronomy. Despite being saddled with the drab title “Dietary, Circulatory, and Fatty Acid Supplementation Association with Coronary Risk” the article reports a seemingly astonishing result: Eating less saturated fat, the diet that made butter croissants so appealing, didn’t actually lower a person’s risk of developing of heart disease.
The find was widely reported in the media, hitting all the cultural hot buttons; food and fat, death and disease, bacon and Brie. As Mark Bittman’s column in The New York Times puts it: The Butter Is Back. Julia Child, the goddess of fat, is beaming somewhere. The Annals article, and subsequent news coverage, started a national conversation about dietary fat. Indeed, there was debate within the scientific community itself about how important it was to focus on certain types of dietary fat and that debate existed long before the Annals article appeared. The debate even exists among professional colleagues and friends in the Harvard School of Public Health’s Department of Nutrition.
But there are also broad areas of ongoing agreement around what constitutes a healthy diet. The consensus: We all need to shift our collective nutrition thinking toward an emphasis on food-based, not nutrient-based, recommendations. The fact is, not all fat is bad, and too much concentration on eliminating fat from our diets can, in most cases, lead us to replace healthy fats with sugar and other simple carbohydrate foods which can actually be worse for our health.
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The Fat Wars: A Brief History
It’s hard to pinpoint exactly when fat started becoming the enemy on our plates, but a good guess might be January 13, 1961. On that day, a University of Minnesota physiologist named Ancel Keys appeared on the cover of Time magazine, glaring at the greedy American public through horn-rimmed glasses.
Keys had made a name for himself during World War II by developing the K ration, and after the war turned his attention to the relationship between diet and health, particularly heart disease. He actually spent several years after World War II at HSPH researching this thorny issue.
Then, as now, heart disease was the leading cause of death in America, but no one really knows why. Keys led the Seven Countries Study, which documented for the first time that coronary heart disease incidence and death rates varied up to tenfold between countries, with rates lowest in Crete. The research, which began in the 1950s, continues today.
Keys’ work provides some clues as to the reasons behind this gaping gap. He found that saturated fat consumption was strongly associated with regional heart disease rates, but total fat intake was not. Indeed, total fat intake in Crete was as high as in Finland, which had the highest rates of heart disease at that time. Keys suggested that it was the type of fat, as well as the Mediterranean diet in general, that spelled out the difference in heart disease risk.
Keys delivers his opinion with the force of facts. (Obesity? Disgusting, he says. Maybe if the idea gets around again that obesity is immoral, fat men will start thinking). He found that countries where people eat a lot of saturated fat, think Finns smearing butter on their cheese, suffer higher rates of heart disease. Keys’ work also showed that a diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol increased total cholesterol levels.
But based on the well-recognized limitations of cross-country studies, Keys was smart enough to conclude that this initial evidence did not prove cause and effect but instead suggested the need for further research, especially in cohort studies examining individuals in populations. Indeed, many better designed studies have since proven that total dietary fat has no effect on heart disease.
Many other investigations based on Keys’ work have focused on specific types of fat. The scientists fed the monkeys a diet high in saturated fat and watched them develop atherosclerosis. Researchers in Finland fed butter to patients in one psychiatric hospital while in another hospital they received soybean oil dand patients who eat vegetable oil have a lower risk of heart attack.
On the other hand, several other trials around that time replaced butter and other saturated fats with vegetable oils and saw no significant benefit. In a recent study conducted in Spain, scientists gave subjects a free supply of olive oil or nut mix for five years and watched both groups’ risk of heart disease decrease. Epidemiologists carry out large investigations such as the Framingham Heart Study, monitoring people’s health for years. Decades passed; data accumulation.
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Keys also conducted a controlled eating study, parallel with Mark Hegsted of HSPH’s Department of Nutrition, which showed that polyunsaturated fats (the kind found only in plants) reduced blood cholesterol levels. This led to recommendations to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats, a trend that some scientists believe is responsible for the significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality in the United States.
Conclusion: Not all fat is bad
In the 1970s, Keys and Hegsted, among other scientists, concluded that different types of dietary fat have different effects on blood cholesterol levels, and that different types of cholesterol have different effects on heart disease.
Unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids like those in walnuts, lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and increase HDL (good) cholesterol. In the early 1990s, Walter Willett, now chair of HSPH’s Department of Nutrition, and others determined that trans fats and liquid vegetable oils converted to shelf-stable solids were associated with a greater risk of heart disease and a dual cause. Metabolic disorders, increasing LDL (bad) and lowering HDL (good).
Scientists around the world are simultaneously showing that the saturated type of fat in butter raises HDL (good) cholesterol, making it similar to carbohydrates overall but not as beneficial to health as the polyunsaturated fats from nuts and vegetables. This is information about why the fat in butter or butter is useful and where to buy organic artisan butter Jakarta also in Surabaya, Bali and its surroundings.